Seafield House, Ayr

Seafield House, Ayr

newspaper clipping describing the Seafield estate

For Sale – Seafield Estate, 1888

In 1887,  whilst engaged with the construction of three of the major works of his career, the Tay Bridge, Forth Bridge and Tower Bridge, William Arrol took the tenancy of Seafield  in Ayr. The 45 acre estate was situated on the seafront to the south of Ayr with beautiful views across the Clyde Estuary towards Arran.  It was an ideal location for Arrol,  providing a retreat from the pollution and noise of Glasgow and yet being within commuting distance from his iron works at Dalmarnock.  In March 1888 Arrol  purchased the property from Ayr Town Council and began work to replace the existing house with a large mansion built to his own specifications.

Architects Clarke & Bell of Glasgow were engaged and drew up plans for a magnificent asymmetrical Italianate mansion house with four-storey tower, expansive conservatory and detailing of deeply recessed round-headed windows, Corinthian shafts, a low pyramidal roof and a circular north-west stair turret capped by a wrought iron parapet. Internally the house was elaborately decorated with wooden panelling and balustrades, fine cornicing, and bespoke stained glass . It was equipped with modern facilities, including a system for heating seawater to provide curative saline baths. The build cost was over £8000.

photograph of Seafield House showing grand entrance, tower and conservatory

Seafield House, 1890
copyright RCAHMS

The house was designed to provide a restful retreat from work where Arrol could enjoy his leisure activities of literature, music and art. It had an extensive library and the large panelled hall had excellent acoustics for musical performances.  Although live performances were enjoyed at the house, Arrol also installed a gramophone, state-of-the-art technology for listening to musical recordings whenever the mood took him. Also, as keen art collector with a particular fondness for Scottish landscapes, Arrol filled the rooms and hallways of Seafield House with his collection of almost 300 paintings and etchings.

photograph of elaborately furnished, wood panelled hallway with large marble fireplace and carved balustrade

Entrance hall at Seafield House, 1890
copyright RCAHMS

photograph showing elaborate ironwork conservatory with plants and fountain

Inside the conservatory at Seafield House, 1890
copyright RCAHMS

Sir William Arrol continued to live at Seafield House until his death in 1913. During WW1 the house was used as a Red Cross hospital and then in 1921 it was opened as a maternity and childrens’ hospital. Over the years it’s use evolved until it became Seafield Sick Children’s Hospital between 1944 – 1991 and then it was briefly used as the Health Board Headquarters. It lay empty for many years and in 2008 the roof and much of the interior was destroyed by fire. The house now lies neglected and with it’s future at serious risk, Friends of Seafield House was set up in October 2012 to try to save the house. Further information on the campaign can be found on the Friends of Seafield House website.

1891 Census

William Arrol (age 52 years, an Engineer, employer)

Elizabeth Pattison (his wife, age 51 years)

Cecilia Murray (niece, unmarried, age 18 years)

Catherine Morgan (Housekeeper, age 47 years)

Maggie Campbell (Tablemaid – domestic, age 23 years)

Williamina McBain (Tablemaid – domestic, age 23 years)

Mary Syme (Tablemaid – domestic, age 25 years)

1901 Census

William Arrol (age 62 years, a Mechanical Engineer, employer)

Elizabeth Arrol (his wife, age 61 years)

Jane Weir (Housekeeper, age 53 years)

Agnes Fulton (Mental Nurse, age 33 years)

Margaret Middlemass (Cook – domestic, age 36 years)

Agnes Polson (Housemaid – domestic, age 35 years)

Grace Wilkinson (Tablemaid – domestic, age 35 years)

Lizzie Wilson (Kitchenmaid – domestic, age 23 years)

1911 Census

William Arrol (age 72 years,  a Consulting Engineer)

Elsie Roberston Arrol (his wife, age 35 years)

and 8 Domestic Servants:
Margaret Hamilton (age 37 years)

Jeanie McBride (age 45 years)

Jeanie Paton (age 41 years)

Margaret Grant (age 29 years)

Jane McLeod (age 29 years)

Susan Hamilton (age 23 years)

Alice Robertson (age 20 years)

Constance McGill (age 20 years)


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  1. Pingback: Seafield House featured on BBC Scotland report | Sir William Arrol

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